Heart Attack!! Take Care of Your Heart

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Heart Attack!! Take Care of Your Heart

Cardiac surgery Consultant Canadian board in cardiac surgery Chest Disease Hospital DarAlshifa Hospital

Dr. Jamal Alfadhli, a leading Cardiac Surgery Consultant under Canadian Board in Cardiac Surgery working for Chest Disease Hospital & Dar Al Shifa Hospital in Kuwait, gives us an insight about Heart Attack, what are its contributing factors, symptoms and what needs to be done in case of emergencies. Millions die because of heart attacks each year. A heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), is permanent damage to the heart muscle. "Myo" means muscle, "cardial" refers to the heart, and "infarction" means death of tissue due to lack of blood supply.

What are the Contributing factors:

1) Smoking                                                                                                            
2) Diabetes
3) High Blood Pressure
4) High Cholesterol 
5) Obesity
6) Stress





Symptoms of a Heart Attack Include:

1) Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone
2) Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm
3) Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn)
4) Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness
5) Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
6) Rapid or irregular heartbeats

What to do in case of Emergencies?

1) The recommendations now say patients should take ONE nitroglycerin dose in response to chest discomfort/pain. If chest discomfort/pain is unimproved or worsening five minutes after taking one nitroglycerin dose, the patient or family member/friend should call 211 immediately to activate EMS (Emergency Medical Services). The quicker you get to the hospital the better chance of survival and decreasing the damage to the heart.

2) Early Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Learning CPR is the greatest gift you can give your family and friends. If performed properly (see below), CPR can help save a life until emergency medical help arrives.

3) Early Defibrillation. In most adults, sudden cardiac death is related to ventricular fibrillation. Quick defibrillation (delivery of an electrical shock) is necessary to return the heart rhythm to a normal heartbeat. In the western world these defibrillators are found in public places and called AED.

4) Early Advanced Care. After successful defibrillation, most patients require hospital care to treat and prevent future events.Better in centers where they have cardiac catheterization lab and cardiac surgery like chest hospital , Adan Hospital, Amiri Hospital or Dar Al Shifa Hospital( private)

Live a healthy life, make your family and friends aware of the Factors and Symptoms and Save life’s by following above steps in case of emergencies.  

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